|Maria Lactans (17th Century) Antwerp|
I'll call it NORMAL birth: normal from a biological, physiological perspective in ideal conditions.
Not what *normally* happens today.
Not what is most common in birth today, or 100 years ago, or in a primitive society ....
NORMAL birth requires a strong healthy woman who carries her pregnancy to term, and comes into spontaneous labour. It requires the mother to accept and work with her body in labour, and to progress, without medication, to the climax of birth. It requires the mother and baby to work together in establishing breastfeeding, within a nurturing family-community setting that supports the mother in these challenges.
This 'ideal' is what a midwife seeks to facilitate. "In NORMAL birth there should be a valid reason to interfere with the natural process." (WHO 1996)
At any point in the process we can face challenges, complication, illness, and the need to intervene. That's when science, medicine, obstetrics ... become life-saving.
There are obvious and unquestioned benefits to a mother and her baby when the NORMAL processes are protected, promoted and supported.
- A mother's body and mind respond in unison to the changes in hormones in her blood, as she prepares, and progresses.
- The mother's thinking brain is suppressed, in a quiet and unstimulating environment where she does not feel that she is being observed, so that her instinctive mind is free to proceed with the final nesting, and the surrender that accompanies strong labour.
- The baby is born alert and healthy, ready to engage in the instinctive breast crawl as breastfeeding is initiated.
- Early and effective suckling at the breast, together with the physical pressure of the baby's weight against the mother's uterine fundus, lead to strong contractions and completion of the third stage.
- Once the placenta and membranes are completely expelled the risk of haemorrhage is minimised, and continuing breastfeeding supports the involution of the uterus.
- Close physical contact from the time of birth supports the development of normal bacterial flora on the baby's skin and digestive organs, preparing the baby's immunological processes for ongoing function.
- Bonding between a mother and her newborn proceed as they make eye contact, with uninterrupted close contact, and the mother's body is awash with love hormones.
I have not mentioned the midwife. Yes, the midwife is present, working in harmony with the NORMAL processes, and guiding and supporting when things get difficult, but staying quietly and unobtrusively out of the limelight. The midwife is guardian - protecting the mother and her child, and providing a safe space for them in NORMAL birth.
When there is a valid reason to interfere with the natural process, the midwife guides the woman, and provides appropriate explanations. The midwife seeks only the health and wellbeing of mother and child.
Today I am looking further than the primary episode of care, spanning the nine months of the pregnancy, and the six weeks of the postnatal period.
I am looking at future generations.
The study of epigenetics: "the study of heritable changes in gene activity that are not caused by changes in the DNA sequence" offers huge challenges in health care, and particularly at the beginning of it all; conception, pregnancy and birth. Emerging within this field of science is a new respect, for example, for the effect of nutrition during a woman's pregnancy on the health of her grand-children - the children of the child forming in her womb.
I have no claim to expert knowledge in biology, but would encourage readers to keep exploring this field.
Our bodies are wonderfully made.
I have recently become aware of a new film project,
"MICROBIRTH" is a feature-length documentary looking at birth in a whole new way, through the lens of a microscope....
The film explores the latest scientific research into the microscopic events that occur during and immediately after birth.
This compelling, brand new science is starting to indicate that if the natural processes of childbirth are interfered with or bypassed completely, this could have devastating consequences for the long-term health of our children.
Just to be clear, this film is not calling for an end to interventions as many times they are essential and they can be life-saving.
But as this new science is starting to indicate, the use of synthetic oxytocin to induce or speed up labour (Pitocin / Syntocinon), antibiotics, C-section, the routine separation of mother and baby immediately after birth and formula feeding, could significantly raise the risk of our children developing serious disease later in life.
And as the film shows, the medicalisation of childbirth could even be contributing to a potential global human catastrophe predicted to happen by the year 2030.